WHY DOES LOCAL GOVERNMENTS NEED A WEBSITE? Local government websites or websites are one of the strategies in implementing e-government systematically in realistic and measurable stages. Based on the nature of information transactions and public services provided by local governments through information networks. E-government development can be implemented through 4 (four) levels, namely: Level 1 - Preparation Making a website as a medium of information and communication at each institution. Website socialization for internal and public. Level 2 - Maturation Creating an interactive public information website Creating a linkage interface with other institutions. Level 3 - Consolidation Website creation which is a public service transaction. Making interoperability, applications and data with other institutions. Level 4 - Utilization Making applications for services that are Government to Government (G2G), Government to Business (G2B), Government to Consumers (G2C). WHAT ARE THE WEBSITE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS? The Local Government website can be said to be one of the information and communication media from a Regional Government to the public / public regarding everything related to the region concerned. The form of presenting information takes advantage of the development of information communication technology (Information Communication Technology), which is a change from a book form (conventional publication) to an electronic publication (new media) via the internet.
WHAT IS A LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE MADE FOR? The development of a local government website has a goal so that the Indonesian people can easily gain access to information and services of local government, and participate in the development of democracy in Indonesia by using the internet media and other technologies that will emerge in the future. The Local Government website is made in accordance with the wishes of the government in providing services to the community, namely: obtaining information in an easy, correct, fair, and wide-coverage manner; dissemination of information through electronic media which includes: all materials that have been published or materials that are outside the protection of copyright (may be known by the public); all information created and collected in accordance with the law (subject to considerations of commercial sensitivities and personal secrets); all documents necessary for the benefit of the community. Local Government Websites are intended to be applied and used by Local Government agencies that regularly communicate with one another, and must provide information and services to the public. WHAT ARE THE EXPECTED FROM MAKING A WEBSITE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS? The local government website is a “window” for information from a regional government, so it is expected to have high quality, easy access, and inclusion, and display images related to the activities of the provincial, regency and municipal governments. The content and appearance design of a Local Government website may vary, but good technical and management features do not differ much from one maintainer to another. WHAT IS THE PROBLEMS THAT NEED TO BE ATTENTION TO BUILD A LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE? There are five problems that need to be considered in developing and implementing an online publication strategy, namely: usability - for what purpose is a local government website created? responsibility - who is the website owner and who is responsible? site management - how to deliver and request services? content - how is the material provided, maintained and presented online? updating and maintenance - how to monitor (use and display) and update information on the website?
HOW DOES THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE RELATE WITH GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS? An important thing to realize is that the existence of a local government website that is created is an integral part of government organizations. All units in the organization should pay attention to how they can best use the internet to communicate with community groups of internet users. Local government agencies must foster a high level of awareness and understanding for all government officials regarding the use of the internet in government organizations. The ability of the internet to provide and receive information needs to be understood as a core skill of information and communication. It is hoped that as many government officials as possible can read the sites created by the local government. WHO'S HANDLING LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE MANAGEMENT? Information management currently tends towards electronic publication and leaves conventional (non-electronic) services. The presence of online media technology leads to the need for an executive who handles overall management at the highest level. An effective website is one of the strategies that must be carried out by organizations engaged in online media. Site management will be better and more straightforward if there is integration between electronic publishing and units within the Local Government whose material is presented through the relevant website. In a website creation strategy, it is important to ensure that the various management tasks required for effective site management are identified, and implementation responsibilities are clearly allocated and understood. HOW IS THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE? Due to the complexity of electronic publication and the increasing interest of Provincial, Regency and City Governments to provide information to the public, an organization that does not only consist of webmasters is needed, but includes: Protector (Regional Leaders) Responsible for local government website (highest echelon in the region) Site Manager (echelon one level below the highest echelon in the region) The Management Team monitors the maintenance of site standards, particularly the responsibility for information entry that is widespread within government organizations. Steering Team (the highest echelons in the region Assistance Team (echelons one level below the highest echelon in the region, representing official service units in the region) The organizational structure, size, and number of teams involved in a government website management will vary depending on the needs of the organization.
HOW IS THE CONTENT AND DESIGN OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE? The most important element of an effective display on the internet is good and attractive content and design. Organizations in the Regional Government should develop sites with content that are always up to date and well written, clear and concise that meet the needs of the wider community, and are easily accessible. An up-to-date information published on the internet should coincide with publications in other media. A Local Government website has minimum requirements for site content. The website manager must be able to determine what users expect about what should be on the website. It is the organizations in the government itself that will determine how best to organize the content with due regard to the community who use the website concerned. Analysis and knowledge of the user community for a website is important, because there may be considerable differences between communities for different parts of the site, or for different sites within a level of governmental organization. When planning and developing local government websites, it is best to carry out repeated market research WHAT IS THE MINIMUM CONTENT OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE? Based on the results of observations on a number of Regional Government websites and also the results of the Popular Consultation on the managers of the Regional Government websites, the minimum contents that need to be on each Regional Government website are: overview Briefly explain the existence of the Regional Government concerned (history, regional motto, meaning of symbols, location). Regional government Describe the organizational structure that exists in the local government concerned (executive, legislative) along with the names, addresses, telephones, and e-mails of regional officials. If possible, biographical data from the Regional Leaders will be posted on the website so that the public will know about it. Geography Describe the topography, demography, weather and climate, social and economy, culture of the area concerned. Map of Regions and Resources Presenting the administrative boundaries of the region in the form of an area map (preferably a reference map issued by the National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping - Bakosurtanal, as well as the resources owned by the region concerned in the form of a resource map to be used and utilized by investors. Regional Regulations / Policies Describe the Regional Regulations (Perda) that have been issued by the relevant Regional Government. It is through this local government website that all regional regulations that have been issued can be disseminated to the wider community. IS THERE A LOCAL GOVERNMENT WEBSITE GUIDE? Guidelines are usually produced by the Ministry of Communication and Information of the Republic of Indonesia.